At a distance of 16 km west of Peniche, lies the Berlengas Archipelago, consisting of theislands Berlenga, Estelas and Farilhões-Forcadas. Berlenga Island is the only island that can be visited and it presents unique landscapes and is surrounded by crystalline waters. The Berlenga archipelago is a protected area classified as a Natural Reserve by the Institute for Nature and Forest Conversation (ICNF) and is considered a World Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO since 2011.
Berlenga is home to a high biological diversity, both in terms of fauna and flora.
In terms of flora, endemic plants can be found that are characteristic and only found on the island, such as the Berlengas Armeria (Armeria berlengensis), the Berlengas Pulicaria (Pulicaria microcephala) or the Viboreira (Echium microcephala). As for the fauna, as it is a natural reserve, its entire seabed is preserved, making it one of the most beautiful and richest in Portugal. Here you can find from barnacles (Pollicipes pollicipes), one of the greatest Berlenga delicacies, to the giant moonfish (Mola mola), passing also by the snapper (Pagrus sp.) which is one of the most wanted fish by fishermen.
Berlenga is also reviewed as a great habitat for the Yellow-footed Gull (Larus michahellis), for its majestic symbol Airo (Uria aalge), symbol of Berlenga, and for the famous shearwater (Calonectris borealis) of unique song, possible to hear in the silence of the night. Due to the fact that Berlenga Island is a Nature Reserve, there are rules to be respected during the visit, such as not going off the rails; not feeding the birds of the island; do not take pets; do not carry drones; do not leave the garbage on the ground and do not forget to pay the BerlengasPass fee. It is also important to respect the Flora of the Island and the habitats of the existing species and check the luggage to ensure that you are not carrying insects, mammals or seeds.